Screening is a way of finding out if people are at higher risk of a health problem, so that early treatment can be offered or information given to help them make informed decisions.
The NHS screening programmes currently offered in England are:
Screening in Pregnancy
Screening for infections diseases (Hepatitis B, HIV and syphilis)
Screening for Down’s syndrome, Patau’s syndrome and Edward’s syndrome
Screening for sickle cell disease and thalassaemia
Screening for physical abnormalities (mid-pregnancy scan)
Screening for Newborn Babies
A physical examiniation which includes the eyes, heart, hips and testes
A hearing test
A blood spot test to check if the baby has any of nine rare conditions
Diabetic Eye Screening
From the age of 12, all people with diabetes are offered an annual diabetic eye test to check for early signs of diabetic retinopathy.
Cervical screening is offered to women aged 25 – 64 to check the health of cells in the cervix. It is offered every three years for those aged 26 – 49, and every five years from the ages of 50 – 64.
Breast screening is offered to women aged 50 – 70 to detect early signs of breast cancer. Women over 70 can self-refer.
Bowel Cancer Screening
There are two types of screening for bowel cancer. A home testing kit is offered to men and women aged 60 – 74. Bowel scope screening uses a thin, flexible tube with a tiny camera on the end to look at the large bowel. It is offered to men and women at the age of 55 in some parts of England.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) Screening
AAA screening is offered to men in their 65th year to detect abdominal aortic aneurysms (a dangerous swelling in the aorta). Men over 65 can self-refer.
Further information and advice can be found on the NHS website, see link below.